of cerebral ischemia" from J Cereb Blood Flow Metab, Dec 2010 by Zhang etal.
Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) (also known as nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the salvage pathway for mammalian biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)). By synthesizing NAD(+), PBEF functions to maintain an energy supply that has critical roles in cell survival.
Cerebral ischemia is a major neural disorder with a high percentage of mortality and disability. Ischemia leads to energy depletion and eventually neuronal death and brain damage. This study investigated the role of PBEF in cerebral ischemia using a photothrombosis mouse model.
Using immunostaining, we initially determined that PBEF is highly expressed in neurons, but not in glial cells in themouse brain. To study the role of PBEF in ischemia in vivo, we used PBEF knockout heterozygous (Pbef+/-) mice. We showed that these mice have lower PBEF expression and NAD(+) level than do wild-type (WT) mice. When subjected to photothrombosis, Pbef+/- mice have significantly larger infarct volume than do age-matched WT mice at 24 hours after ischemia. Higher density of degenerating neurons was detected in the penumbra of Pbef+/- mice than in WT mice using Fluoro-Jade B staining.
Our study shows that PBEF has a neuronal protective role in cerebral ischemia presumably through enhanced energy metabolism.